INSPIRATION TUESDAY // Photography Tips // Perspective and Image Angle

Perspective and Image Angle.

Perspective and image angle are both one of the fundamental design possibilities. But before we will look at the design possibilities.

Perspective: Perspective in photography can be defined as the sense of depth or spatial relationships between objects in the photo, along with their dimensions with respect to the viewpoint of camera.

Image Angle: The focal length and the size of the sensor define the image angle. This means: Which section I (or the camera) see of the scene.

This two options belong together but you can’t replace them with each other. We will get the same section but the picture will look different. This means the picture will be look different when I get more distance to my scene and zoom in to get the same picture section.

Small observer – Big observer

Many of you will remember this form the art class in school. We have the worm's-eye-, normal- and bird's-eye view and this you can also use for photography. In the worm’s-eye-view the observer will feel small and the model will big and powerful. In the bird-eye-view the observer gets overview of the scene and in the normal-view the observer on the same eye-level with the scene and/or the model.
 

But perspective doesn’t mean only the high of the camera, it means also how far away the objects of the scene form the camera.

Example: We want to photography a hotel and in the background we see the sea. To make the sea look more near to the Hotel get a higher distance to the hotel and zoom-in. What happens? The hotel has the same size on the pictures but it looks like the sea is closer to the hotel. The same I photography with that rose, at the first picture I was close up to the rose and the trees in background seems to be far away. At the second picture I had a large distance to the rose and zoomed-in and it looks like the trees directly behind the roses.
 

Let’s try to define what we’ve done: The higher the distance between the camera and the scene the smaller the distance seems to be between objects in the scene and vice versa.

Caution: We have this effect only if we change the perspective (the position of the camera). If we zoom in or out we don’t get the same effect, because this only change the image angle and not the perspective.

You can remember this easily with rails: if you stand on the rails and you look to the horizon you will see that the higher the distance the smaller the distance between railway sleepers.

 

Dickes oder Schmales Gesicht.

Now you will have the same effect on the model: the distance between objects looks higher or lower the higher lower the distance of the camera to the scene. If you press a 3D Object on 2D it will get broader. I did an animation do demonstrate you the change of a face:
 

People in my old school often lough about me because sometimes I do lay down to the ground to take a picture but it’s totally worth it to get the perfect perspective 🙂

What do you think about the tutorials are they good, to easy or to hard? Let me know, so I can improve it 🙂

XX,
Nico Treeman

 

INSPIRATION TUESDAY // Photography Tips // Field of Depth

My first study about photography was about: how to get a blurrier background. In this tutorial I will show you which possibilities you have and what are the advantages and disadvantages it brings. At my first year of learning photography I only did know two possibilities: 1) More distance to the background 2) Bigger aperture-hole.. After years of learning and learning by doing I know there are 3 more ways to realize a blurrier background. I will present you these 5 possibilities in this tutorial.

But at first I want to explain “the field of depth” This is the field which isn’t blurry on the picture. If our Object is in the field of depth it will be completely sharp. Everything in Front and in the Background gets blurry the higher the distance from the field of depth..
 

 

Did you don’t know what wide-aperture lens and aperture is? Dann Then I suggest you to read first the tutorial:
Basics – The Aperture. .

Did you also want to know how to use the manual mode of the camera ? Then I suggest to read the second photography tutorial:
Basics – The Exposure Time and the third tutorial: Basics – The ISO
 

Let’s start with the 5 tips for a blurrier background:

1) Bigger aperture-hole.
Advantage : Blurrier back- and foreground without changing image composition (except the brightness)
Disadvantage: Good wide-aperture lenses are very expensive.

2) Longer focal length.
Advantage: You will have a great blurry background for a low price.
Disadvantage: Objects looks thicker. (this is not recommended for people and portrait photography) you will also see less of the background.

3) More distance to the background.
Advantage: You don’t have to change the camera or the lens.
Disadvantage: You will need a lot of free space and you will see more of the background on the picture.

4) Less distance to the object or model.
Advantage: It’s really easy and you don’t need to change the camera or lens.
Disadvantage: You will not always have the possibility to reduce the distance.

5) Bigger camera sensor. (Full frame cameras make a background blurrier as a small format camera)
Advantage: : At the same f-number (size of aperture-hole) you will get a blurrier background.
Disadvantage: Full frame cameras costs a lot more.

 

Next week: Perspective distortion

XX
Nico Treeman

 

 

 

 

 

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